Smoking has a lot of adverse effects on health. One of the impacts that is often echoed is lung disease. But in fact, cigarettes do not only affect the respiratory scheme. Cigarettes can cause diseases associated with the digestive scheme, namely GERD or better known as stomach acid. Then, is the connection between cigarettes and stomach acid? Such explanation.

Smokers turned out to be more vulnerable to GERD (chronic stomach acid), how come?

What is GERD disease?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD is a condition when stomach acid rises into the esophagus, the side that connects the mouth and stomach to cause a burning feeling in the chest and a series of other signs. GERD is used to say that stomach acid has been chronic or acute. Because it is included in the acute group this disease can appear around one to 2x per week.

When you swallow food, generally the muscles of the lower side of the esophagus that separates the esophagus from the stomach will relax until the food and liquid will flow into the stomach before finally closing again. However, when the muscles in this section are weakened so that they cannot set when to close and open, stomach acid in the stomach can flow back into the esophagus. If this happens very often, this condition will irritate your esophagus until it becomes inflamed. The following conditions cause GERD.

Why are smokers more prone to GERD?

Taken from Everyday Health, cigarettes and stomach acid are so related. Cigarettes can cause the appearance of GERD or acute gastric acid because of factors, namely:

Weakened lower esophageal spincher Cigarettes contain nicotine which relaxes smooth muscle in the body. The lower esophageal spincher is the lower side of the esophagus which separates the esophagus from the stomach which also belongs to smooth muscle. The spincher works to control the passage of food into the stomach and keeps the acid from entering the esophagus. Unfortunately, nicotine causes the spichter to relax until stomach acid runs the risk of rising into the esophagus until eventually it causes GERD.

Reduce saliva Smokers have less saliva compared to normal people. This is driven by several ingredients in cigarettes that make the mouth drier. Although in fact, saliva is an acid neutralizing agent referred to as bicarbonate which is useful to help challenge the effects of gastric acid reflux and GERD.

Until actually when you swallow saliva, saliva helps neutralize the acid in the esophagus that goes on because of reflux. And vice versa, if the production of saliva is a little more acidic which rises into the esophagus it cannot be neutralized until it finally makes you more vulnerable to attack by GERD.

Increase acid production in the stomach Did you know that smoking moves the stomach to produce more stomach acid. Automatic stomach acid which has the opportunity to rise into the esophagus also becomes more numerous. As a result, your chances of getting GERD also get bigger.

Disrupting muscles and the arrangement of the esophagus Not only can the esophageal muscles relax which should contract to close, cigarettes also have the same bad effect on these muscles. Cigarettes interfere with the work of the muscles that help divert food into the esophagus. Even though this muscle actually works by helping to clear the esophagus from the acid which causes damage. Not only is the muscle damaged but the mucous membrane that makes protection of the esophagus from acid damage is also negatively affected.

Because cigarettes and stomach acid are very related, you should begin to reduce the intensity and amount of cigarettes you consume daily so that apart from some health problems including GERD.

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